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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

1 edition of Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies (EPOCS) found in the catalog.

Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies (EPOCS)

Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies (EPOCS)

progress and plans

by

  • 318 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories in [Rockville, Md.?] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ocean currents -- Research -- Pacific Ocean.,
  • Southern oscillation,
  • Pacific Ocean -- Climate,
  • El Niño Current

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsEnvironmental Research Laboratories (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 90 p. :
    Number of Pages90
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14282954M

    Against the backdrop of the environmental setting of the subequatorial NE Pacific abyssal plain, the book will characterise the meiobenthos as an ecological category in the deep sea and introduce research lines meiobenthic studies are applied to, including environmental assessments of human-induced.


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Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies (EPOCS) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies (EPOCS): progress and plans. [Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.);]. Get this from a library. CTD/O₂ measurements during as part of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Climate Studies (EPOCS).

[J M Lynch; L J Mangum; S P Hayes; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)]. The Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies book Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by the continents of Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.

Atsquare kilometers (63, square miles) in area (as defined with an. APPENDIX A: ACRONYMS OCCO: Conmittee on Climatic Changes and the Ocean CRC: Climate Research Committee (of the National Research Council) EAZO: Energetically Active Zones of the Ocean Program (of the USSR) ENSO: El Nino and the Southern Oscillation Exper iment EPOCS: Equatorial Pacific Ocean Climate Studies ERBE: Earth Radiation Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies book.

The timing and mechanisms of the eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP) cold tongue development, a salient feature of the tropical ocean, are intensely debated on geological time scales. Here, we reconstruct cold tongue evolution over the past 8 million years by computing changes in temperature gradient between the cold tongue and eastern Pacific warm by: 3.

Romeo M. Flores, in Coal and Coalbed Gas, Ecological and Climate Controls of Peat (Coal) Reservoirs.

The thick peat deposits of the Southeast Asia are highly influenced Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies book the equatorial climate characterized by mean rainfall of more than mm/mo, seasonally uniform temperature with annual range of. Zhang, in Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences (Second Edition), Climate.

Climate phenomena subject to MJO influences include the monsoons and several climate modes such as ENSO, the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the AO and Antarctic Oscillation (AAO), the Pacific North American (PNA) pattern, and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD).

While these climate modes. The influence of iron on ocean biology and climate: insights from the IronEx studies in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies book Pacific P. Liss and S.

Turner; 6. Testing importance of iron and grazing in maintenance of the high nitrate condition in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, a physical-biological model study F. Chai, S. Lindley, J. Toggweiler and R. In the equatorial Pacific, the Equatorial Counter Current (see Fig.

) now dominates and can transport warm surface water eastward that piles up all the way to the west coast of South America. The low-pressure system moves into the eastern Pacific Ocean, causing drought conditions in the equatorial western Pacific Ocean.

ENSO cycles are significant changes from typical sea surface temperatures, wind patterns, and rainfall in the Pacific Ocean along the equator. During EL Niño events, phytoplankton productivity in the equatorial Pacific declines dramatically as the easterly trade winds that Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies book drive upwelling grow still or even reverse : Rebecca Lindsey.

El Niño is a warming of surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Together with, La Niña, these make up two of the three states of the constantly changing El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) that can affect weather patterns around the globe.

ENSO is just one of many oscillations in. Shukla's scientific contributions include studies of: the dynamics of monsoon depressions; the influences of snow, albedo, soil wetness, and surface roughness on climate variability; the influences of sea surface temperature in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean climate studies book Sea, equatorial Pacific Ocean, and north Pacific Ocean on seasonal variability; the intraseasonal and.

The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere program (TOGA) was a ten-year study () of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) aimed specifically at the prediction of climate phenomena on time scales of months to years.

TOGA emphasized the tropical oceans and their relationship to the global ying TOGA is the premise that the dynamic. The USGS research into the composition and manner of formation of marine minerals spans the globe, for example, the Lau back-arc basin and Cook Islands in the Pacific, Walvis Ridge in the Atlantic, and 90 East Ridge in the Indian Ocean, among many locations throughout the global ocean and U.S.

Exclusive Economic Zone. (A) Locations of all Challenger stations visited between –; (B) Location map of Challenger station and Tara stations and used in Author: Lyndsey Fox, Lyndsey Fox, Stephen Stukins, Thomas Hill, C. Giles Miller. Many records of tropical sea surface temperature and marine productivity exhibit cycles of 23 kyr (orbital precession) and kyr during the past Myr (refs 1–5), whereas high-latitude sea Cited by: A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

A recent work proposed a simple theory based on the framework of Zebiak–Cane (ZC) ocean model, and successfully characterized the equatorial Atlantic upwelling annual cycle as a combination of the local wind-driven Ekman upwelling and nonlocal wind-driven wave upwelling.

In the present work, utilizing the same simple framework, we examined the fidelity of the Author: Li-Chiao Wang, Jia-Yuh Yu. Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans.

What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region.

The onboard studies revealed that changes in ocean acidification, linked to climatic change, have a large and global impact on marine organisms.

Because of the important role of the equatorial. El Niño and La Niña are opposite extremes of the ENSO, which refers to cyclical environmental conditions that occur across the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. These changes are due to natural interactions between the ocean and atmosphere. Sea surface temperature, rainfall, air pressure, atmospheric and ocean circulation all influence each other.

Lynch has written: 'CTD/Ob2s' -- subject(s): Dissolved oxygen, Equatorial Pacific Ocean Climate Studies, Ocean temperature, Oceanography, Salinity, Water 'CTD/O' -. J. Maarten Troost is the author of The Sex Lives of Cannibals: Adrift in the Equatorial Pacific. His essays have appeared in the Atlantic Monthly, the Washington Post, and the Prague Post.

He spent two years in Kiribati in the equatorial Pacific and upon his Jan Maarten Troost (known professionally as J.

Maarten Troost) (born in The /5. ical Ocean and Global Atmosphere) Program was launched building on earlier efforts such as the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Climate Studies (EPOCS) Program.

One of TOGA’s goals was “to study the feasibility of modeling the coupled ocean–atmosphere system for the purpose of predicting its variations on timescales of months to years”. The What does EPOCS stand for. All Acronyms has a list of 4 EPOCS definitions. Updated March Top EPOCS acronym meaning: Eastern Pacific Ocean Climate Study.

Pacific Ocean temperature swings violently in industrial age: Study. WASHINGTON: Rising surface temperature in the tropical Pacific Ocean for prolonged periods leads to a climate process called. Riehl (), in his classical book on tropical meteorology, focused attention on the pressure field (i.e., the equatorial trough).

THE ITCZ AND THE SEASONAL CYCLE OVER EQUATORIAL AFRICA Equatorial Trough (Doldrums) explained (von Humboldt). Ranging through the fields of oceanography, meteorology, and ecology, Taylor sheds light on the immense variations of the atmosphere which can span a whole ocean, the best known of which is the El Niño cycle of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, a colossal see-saw in which atmospheric pressure rising over Australia mirrors a fall thousands of miles Cited by: 2.

In today’s climate, the eastern part of the equatorial Pacific Ocean has a “Cold Tongue” of water about 6 o F cooler than the rest of the equator (see Figure 2A). This is an important feature whose occasional disappearance (“El Nino”) disrupts weather around the world.

One needs only to go through the Nasa/Giss temperature series, which show many months with neutral or modestly higher temperatures in the equatorial Pacific, for example the months: Sept. to Nov. (see the T°C-anomaly maps, below) and May to Nov Sea-surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the equatorial Pacific Ocean region that defines El [ ] New Book: Climate Information for Public Health Action Septem A newly published book called Climate Information for Public Health Action gives the health community a primer on why, when and how climate information can and should be.

The mixed layer of the western Equatorial Pacific Ocean Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 96(S01). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) revised the definition of El Niño “as a phenomenon in the equatorial Pacific Ocean characterized by a positive sea surface temperature departure from normal in the Niño region (i.e., 5°S–5°N, °–°W) greater than or equal in magnitude to °C averaged over three Cited by: The following points highlight the ten main currents in the Pacific ocean.

The currents are: 1. North Equatorial Current 2. South Equatorial Current 3. Counter Equatorial Current 4. California Current 7.

El Nino or Counter Current 9. East Australia Current The north equatorial current originates off the western coast of Mexico and flows in.

Michelle M. Gierach, Monique Messié, Tong Lee, Kristopher B. Karnauskas and Marie‐Hélène Radenac, Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña transitions, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 20, (), (). Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology publishes original research articles dealing with all aspects of understanding and reconstructing Earth’s past climate and environments from the Precambrian to modern analogs.

New lacustrine mineral‐magnetic records from Dahu Swamp in southern China provided a hydroclimatic reconstruction over the past. The oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface, and are critical components of Earth’s climate system. This new edition of Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences summarizes the breadth of knowledge about them, providing revised, up to date entries as well coverage of new topics in the field.

New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and the. A bi-polar signal recorded in the western tropical Pacific: Northern and Southern Hemisphere climate records from the Pacific warm pool during the last Ice Age. Quaternary Science Reviews. Vol. 28 (), pp. Ocean Climate Stations Meghan Cronin leads the Ocean Climate Stations group at NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL).

Ocean Climate Stations are moored buoys that carry a suite of sensors to monitor important climate processes. “A key remote factor is SST variability in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean associated with El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Positive Pacific SST anomalies associated with warm-phase ENSO (El Niño) have been linked to increased ∣Vz ∣ over the MDR, and conversely for cool-phase ENSO (La Niña) (15, 20,30).

IOD is not limited only to the pdf Indian Ocean. Through the changes in the atmospheric pdf, IOD influences the world climate [e.g., Saji and Yamagata, b]. For example, the IOD influences the Southern Oscillation in the Pacific [Behera and Yamagata, ], rainfall variability during the Indian summer monsoon [Behera et al.() Yu, J.-Y., Understanding El Nino Southern Oscillation and its interactions with the Indian Ocean and monsoon.

Book chapter in Recent Progress in Atmospheric Sciences with Applications to the Asia-Pacific Region, Liou, K N and Chou, M D (Ed.), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, Ocean Acidification: Natural Cycles ebook Ubiquitous Uncertainties. InScripps’ esteemed oceanographer Ebook Munk argued for the establishment of an Ocean Observation System reporting, “much of the twentieth century could be called a “century of undersampling” in which “physical charts of temperature, salinity, nutrients, and currents were so unrealistic that they .